The Austro-Hungarians held a line across northern Italy and Vittorio Veneto was effectively at the midway point. [39] Before returning to port, a British Wellington bomber torpedoed the ship. 14 December: attacked by British submarine HMS Urge, cancelled Italian convoys in the Mediterranean Sea; 9 September: surrender of the Italian fleet. In 1942, Vittorio Veneto was the first Italian battleship to be equipped with a radar device, a … Battleship Vittorio Veneto was one of the three Italian Littorio class battleships operating in the Second World War. A proposal to allow the battleship to fight side-by-side with the Allies in southern France and in the Pacific Ocean was dismissed because of political and operational considerations. Vittorio Veneto displaced 40,517 t (39,877 long tons; 44,662 short tons) and 45,029 t (44,318 long tons; 49,636 short tons), respectively. [40] Roma joined the fleet shortly after the attacks on the two convoys, and joined her sisters for the move to La Spezia. She was named after the Italian victory at Vittorio Veneto, during World War I. Vittorio Veneto's keel was laid in 1934 at Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Trieste; she was launched on 25 July 1937, and her construction was completed in 1940, after Italy had entered in war against France and the United Kingdom. The first Italian design, prepared in 1928, called for a 23,000 long tons (23,000 t) ship armed with a main battery of six 381 mm (15.0 in) guns in twin turrets. The ships' main battery consisted of nine 381 mm L/50 Ansaldo 1934 guns in three triple turrets, two in a superfiring pair forward and one aft. A 250 mm (9.8 in) wide gap separated the outer layer from the main belt armor, which was 280 mm (11 in) thick and was backed with 50 mm (2.0 in) of timber and 25 mm (0.98 in) skin plating. In October 1947, the ship was raised and towed to Venice, where she was broken up. The chalk overlay paper, the high resolution. The rear mast bookended the twin smoke funnel arrangement at midships. 1,488 likes. Sardegna Empire Battleship (9007) Vittorio Veneto. She briefly engaged British cruisers with her rear main battery turret, without scoring any hits. [14], Horizontal protection over the magazine consisted of a 162 mm (6.4 in) thick armored deck. … One hit Italia in the bow forward the main battery turrets, causing serious damage. Vittorio Veneto fue un acorazado italiano perteneciente a la clase Littorio.Sirvió en la Regia Marina durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.Fue llamado así después de la victoria italiana en la Primera Guerra Mundial en la Batalla de Vittorio Veneto.. Construcción. 19. Vittorio Veneto was designed by General Umberto Pugliese, and was the first battleship to exceed the limits of the Washington Naval Treaty (35,000 long tons (36,000 t) of displacement). [26] The anti-aircraft guns were protected with gun shields ranging in thickness from 12 mm (0.47 in) to 40 mm (1.6 in). On 14 July 1939, Ansaldo completed a design proposal for the Soviet Navy, for a ship largely based on the Littorio class, designated U.P. [13] As built, the ships were fitted with bulbous bows to increase their speed, but they were found to cause serious vibration, which forced a modification to the bow. The British follow-up convoy was much better defended and when the Italian fleet sortied on the 27 November to intercept it they were met with a covering force including two British battleships an… ), 34.252 ft (10.440 m) @ 45,029 long tons (45,752 t; 50,432 short tons), 4,580 mi (7,370 km; 3,980 nmi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. [31] During the attack on Taranto on 12 November 1940, Littorio was hit twice by torpedos, suffering serious damage. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. Littorio displaced 40,724 metric tons (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons) as designed and 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons) at full load. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy … The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. During the war in the Mediterranean Sea, Vittorio Veneto took part in 56 war missions, 11 of them sorties against enemy shipping. During a mission on 26–29 March 1941, Vittorio Veneto participated in the battle of Cape Matapan, fought along the south western coast of Crete. Project history: Designing of Vittorio Veneto class battleships has begun in Italy still in the early thirties, practically simultaneously with works on modernization of Andrea Doria and Conte di Cavour classes under the guidance of main fleet designer general Pugliese. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. Despite taking on 4,000 long tons (4,100 t) of water due to the extensive torpedo damage, the battleship was able to reach Taranto, but remained out of service for about five months. [22] They had a rate of fire of slightly better than four rounds a minute. Over the machinery spaces, the deck was reduced in thickness to 110 mm (4.3 in), and on the outboard portions of the ships, the deck was reduced further to 90 mm (3.5 in). While en route to Malta, German bombers attacked the fleet with Fritz X radio-guided bombs, damaging Italia and sinking Roma. [18][Note 2], The ships' secondary battery consisted of twelve 152 mm (6.0 in) L/55 Ansaldo Model 1934 guns in four triple turrets. Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion;[29] she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. Littorio was then renamed Italia. Aircraft reconnaissance revealed that an Italian fleet headed by their new ‘Littorio’ class battleship, Vittorio Veneto, and several powerful 8-inch gun cruisers was steaming into the eastern part of the Mediterranean to attack British convoys, and Cunningham set out to intercept with a powerful force of three ‘Queen Elizabeths’, the Warspite (flag), Barham and Valiant, … The next one will be longer (see later). The first pair, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were 224.05 meters (735.1 ft) long between perpendiculars, 237.76 m (780.1 ft) long overall. In comparison, the French. She was designed by General Umberto Pugliese and engineer Francesco Mazzullo. It was on 27 November 1940. The class was composed of four ships— Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero —but only the first three ships of the class were completed. While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation. [14], The system did not perform as effectively as expected, however. [13] The 381 mm guns had a maximum elevation of 35 degrees, which allowed them to engage targets out to 42,260 m (138,650 ft). [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. Aircraft facilities were located on the quarterdeck, where it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros. [10] After the entrance of Italy to World War II, the Italian Navy moved the unfinished ship from Genoa to Brindisi, out of fears of French attacks on the vessel. Two were placed abreast the No. The ship was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937 and commissioned in April 1940. The Italian Battleship. The main section of the belt armor was closed on either end by 70 mm (2.8 in) thick transverse bulkheads. [10] These long-barrel, high-velocity guns were chosen to compensate for the smaller 381 mm shell as compared to the 406 mm gun originally desired. Another 140 mm (5.5 in) wide gap separated the main belt from a 36 mm (1.4 in) thick splinter screen. 41. After the armistice between Italy and the Allies announced on 8 September 1943, Vittorio Veneto and the majority of the Italian fleet sailed for Malta and North Africa to join the Allies. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, though all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. [27], All four ships incorporated a unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese. Vittorio Veneto took part in the Battle of Cape Spartivento (known as Battle of Cape Teulada to the Italians) on 27 November 1940. RN Vittorio Veneto Italian Navy Battleship 1940 1/350 Trumpeter Free Shipping on USA Orders Over $100 (Lower 48 Only) MegaHobby.com is the USA's largest online hobby shop! The class was composed of four ships: Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero. Battleship Vittorio Veneto was one of the three Italian Littorio class battleships operating in the Second World War. Only the first three ships of the class were completed, however. [17] High explosive shells weighed 774 kg (1,706 lb). Garzke, William H., Jr.; Dulin, Robert O., Jr. (1980). Toledo, Ohio: Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, File:Veneto sailing out of the battle area.jpg, International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Littorio-class_battleship?oldid=4086300, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). [32], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. A 26,500 long tons (26,900 t) design was then prepared, which mounted eight 343 mm guns in twin turrets. Named after the decisive Italian victory at the Battle of Vittorio Veneto during WW1, battleship Vittorio Veneto was commissioned into service just in time for Italy's entrance into WW2. On 21 March, she sortied to attack a British convoy, which led to the Second Battle of Sirte. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. The first two ships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, were operational by the early months of Italy's participation in World War II. … [44], In the early 1930s, the Soviet Navy began a naval construction program, and sought advice from foreign shipbuilders for a new class of battleships. The belt was layered as follows: a 70 mm (2.8 in) hardened steel belt was used to de-cap armor-piercing projectiles. During the engagement, she badly damaged the destroyers Havock and Kingston. With some of the most powerful battleships mounting guns of 406mm (16″) or 460mm (18.1″), battleships with guns… [45] They were, however, equipped with the Pugliese system, the details of which were revealed through Soviet espionage. High detailed 3D model of one of the most famous WW2 italian She fought at the Battle of Cape Spartivento (Teulada) where she fired 19 salvos to … The incomplete Impero was seized by the Germans after Italy withdrew from the war and used as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers in 1945. The Italian fleet - including Vittorio Veneto - despite the recent attack by the British on Taranto had interrupted a British convoy to Malta earlier in the month. [30], In June 1943, a series of Allied air raids attacked La Spezia in an attempt to neutralize the three battleships. Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were 224.05 meters (735.1 ft) long between perpendiculars and 237.76 m (780.1 ft) long overall, while Roma and Impero were 240.68 m (789.6 ft) long overall. Project history: Designing of Vittorio Veneto class battleships has begun in Italy still in the early thirties, practically simultaneously with works on modernization of Andrea Doria and Conte di Cavour classes under the guidance of main fleet designer general Pugliese. The ability of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell in relation to its size. The engines were rated at 128,200 shaft horsepower (95,600 kW) and a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). your own Pins on Pinterest Both countries were put under significant pressure from the other signatories to use their allotted tonnage to build smaller battleships with reduced caliber main batteries. A second British air strike damaged one of Vittorio Veneto's propellers, stopping her for over an hour for repairs and reducing her speed to 19 knots. In the course of the battle she fired 94 shells in 29 salvos but suffered 11 rounds jammed in her guns. On 6 June 1946, Vittorio Veneto steamed to Augusta in Sicily, where, under the Treaty of Peace with Italy, she was allocated to Britain. "Battlecruiser: Design studies for the Royal Netherlands Navy 1939–40". La quilla del Vittorio Veneto fue puesta en grada en los astilleros Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico de … [34], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had both returned to active duty by August 1941, and on the 22nd the two ships sortied to attack a convoy. The new Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto came close to seeing action, along with Giulio Cesare, on 27 November 1940, when an Italian force consisting of the two battleships, six cruisers, and six destroyers, commanded by Admiral Ingio Campioni, attempted to attack a British convoy escorted by the RN battleship Ramillies, the battle cruiser Renown, the aircraft carrier … After completion on 15 May 1940, she went to Taranto to join the fleet. Garzke, William H.; Dulin, Robert O. [15] The ships carried 4,140 t (4,070 long tons; 4,560 short tons) of fuel oil, which enabled a maximum range of 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km; 5,270 mi) at a cruising speed of 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph). The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. (1985). your own Pins on Pinterest Battleship Vittorio Veneto was one of three Italian Littorio class battleships operating in the Second World War. However, both France and the United Kingdom controlled the Mediterranean Sea. The class was composed of four ships: Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero. The ship's keel was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937, and readied for service with the Italian fleet by August 1940. [28], Littorio before completion; note the secondary battery and other equipment have not been installed, The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. Alternative SKUs for Trumpeter 05320: TR05320 | TRU05320 | TRU5320 | TRM05320 | 05320 | TSM5320. The guns' rate of fire was one shot every 45 seconds. Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P. The Battleship Vittorio Veneto; The Battleship Vittorio Veneto. The cruisers lead the engagement, putting severe pressure on the light cruisers of the British force. The ship’s main armament consisted of 3 triple turrets with 381 mm guns, 2 turrets superfiring at the front and 1 at the rear. Italian battleship Vittorio Veneto.png 2,007 × 1,369; 1.36 MB Italian Royal Navy officers in dress uniform standing on the poop deck of the battleship 'Vittorio Veneto'.jpg 800 × 545; 156 KB Re 2000 Catapultabile.jpg 1,000 × 584; 142 KB [15] The ships were equipped with three Ro.43 reconnaissance seaplanes or navalized Re.2000 fighters. During World War II, Vittorio Veneto participated in two unsuccessful attempts at intercepting British convoys (Operations Hats and MB 5) in September 1940, and became the fleet flagship after the battle o… They formed the backbone of the Italian fleet, and conducted several sorties into the Mediterranean to intercept British convoys, though without any notable success. They stood out by having good anti-torpedo protection and, at the time of their entry into service, being among the fastest battleships in the world. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. Significant flooding caused the ship to settle by the bow. During the engagement, one of her Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot down by a Skua fighter. ( Chinese Simplifed: 维内托/ Pronounce: WeiNeiTuo ) 1 Introduction 2 Namesake 3 Attributes 4 Acquiring Info 5 Quotes 6 Trivia 7 External Links Vittorio Veneto was a member of Littorio-class battleships from I-country. Vittorio Veneto withdraws from Cape Matapan after being torpedoed by RN aircraft. In 1942, Vittorio Veneto was the first Italian battleship to be equipped with a radar device, a "Gufo" E.C. The Vittorio Veneto was the second ship of the Littorio-class battleships from the Regia Marina. Saved by Sam#28. She was one of the most modern and powerful battleships of her times. Vittorio Veneto was chosen as the primary target as the town’s capture would split the Austro-Hungarians in two. Nota: Prezzi e disponibilità sono solo indicazioni. [4] Funding was not allocated to begin construction, however, as the Italian Navy did not want to instigate an arms race with the French Navy. Vittorio Veneto was eventually returned to Italy where she was dismantled, at La Spezia 1951-54. The incomplete Impero had meanwhile been seized by the retreating Germans in 1943, who used her as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers on 20 February 1945. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. The high muzzle velocity of the guns reduced their service life and increased the dispersion of the fall of shot. Another 25 mm thick screen was placed further inboard. The two fleets did not make contact, however, and the Italians returned to port. 3D model Armor model Modules scheme. [11] Nevertheless, by the time these ships entered service, the international arms control system had fallen apart and the major naval powers had invoked the "escalator clause" that allowed for ships up to 45,000 long tons (46,000 t) displacement. She would see action numerous times and give a good account of herself against the British taking part in 56 war missions. The battleship was flooded with some 4,000 t (3,900 long tons; 4,400 short tons) of water, though she got underway after ten minutes and eventually reached Taranto on 29 March. [9] Ultimately, nine 381 mm guns in three triple turrets were adopted as the primary battery for the ships, on a displacement in excess of 40,000 long tons (41,000 t),[10] despite the fact that this violated the established naval treaties. Noot, Lt. Jurrien S. (1980). 1 talking about this. [7] This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. [1] France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. [35] Germany pressured the Italian Navy to begin the operation, under the impression that they had disabled two of the three battleships assigned to the British Mediterranean Fleet. Bagnasco, Erminio; de Toro, Augusto (2010). A British battleship closed to open fire on the Italian cruisers but Vittorio Veneto, firing seven salvos from around 27 km, was sufficient to cause the British cruisers to disengage. [12], The ships of the class varied slightly in dimensions. The French vessels were armed with eight 330 mm (13 in) guns. [14] This was due to two major defects in the design. In September 1943, Italy capitulated and signed an Armistice with the Allies. [42], In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War. Italian Vittorio Veneto-class Battleships [Perepeczko, Andrzej] on Amazon.com. Vittorio Veneto Tier VIII Italian Battleship 1940 A series of new-generation Italian battleships. Roma's forward triple 15-inch (381 mm) 50-caliber gun turrets. While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. The torpedo bulkhead would prevent any splinters or explosive effects from entering the ships' vitals. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). The Italian fleet adopted an exceptional formation on five lines to protect the Vittorio Veneto and she survived a third attack by British aircraft though one of her defenders, the Pola, was torpedoed and part of the Italian force was dispatched to help her. Battles - The Battle of Vittorio Veneto, 1918 The Battle of Vittorio Veneto, which saw the Italians destroy the vestiges of the Austro-Hungarian army, heralded the wartime defeat of Austria-Hungary and an end to its Empire. The main mast was the tallest protrusion of the warship in profile as well as the operating bridge. A series of new-generation Italian battleships. Tipo nave da battaglia Classe Littorio Costruttori C.R.D.A. RM Vittorio Veneto Littorio-class battleship. While her sister was being repaired, she took over flagship duties and was transferred to Naples. [8] The 406 mm gun was abandoned in turn in favor of the 381 mm gun because there were no designs for the larger gun, which would delay construction. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. Repairs lasted until July. The ship was laid down in October 1934, launched in July 1937 and commissioned in April 1940. Vittorio Veneto featured a conventional three-turret arrangement for its main guns, two located forward and one aft of the central superstructure. Vittorio Veneto While the ship itself has not been released or mentioned to be released in the future, the full CG does exist in the game files and appears in the story during the Empyreal Tragicomedy event. [30], Vittorio Veneto at the Battle of Cape Spartivento, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were declared operational on 2 August 1940, and were assigned to the 9th Division of the 1st Squadron. [6] After the war, she was taken by the UK as part of war reparations. Repairs were completed and on 12 December, both ships were moved from Taranto to La Spezia in response to the Allied landings in North Africa. A 40 mm thick torpedo bulkhead extended inboard from the base of the main belt before curving down to meet the bottom of the hull. The aft steering rooms and auxiliary machinery spaces were protected by a 105 mm (4.1 in) thick deck. All four ships had a draft of 9.6 m (31 ft) and a beam of 32.82 m (107.7 ft). On 31 August, the two ships, along with three of the older battleships steamed with a force of ten cruisers and thirty-one destroyers to engage the Operation Hats convoy, but poor reconnaissance prevented the Italian force from engaging the British ships. 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