As a result, the Catholic Habsburgs were able to restore their balance and subsequently regain some of the losses Gustavus Adolphus had inflicted on them. King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden, better known as Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s greatest kings – a pioneer of modern warfare who laid the foundations for the Swedish Empire. Life File:Gustav II Adolph of Sweden bust 2007 St. Peter MN crop.jpg. Gustavus Adolphus' body in Wolgast, on transfer to Sweden, 1633. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of Duke Charles of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.At the time, the King of Sweden was Gustavus Adolphus' cousin Sigismund.The staunch Protestant Duke Charles forced the Catholic King to let go of the throne of Sweden in 1599, a part of the preliminary religious strife before the Thirty … Due in large part to an unauthorized charge by Pappenheim’s wing of cavalry, the Swedes defeated the Imperialists in the Battle of Breitenfeld on September 17th 1631, this was a momentous defeat for the Empire, and was the first major victory for the German Protestants. relacionados a: Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. 1594-1632. Gustavus Adolphus speaks Modern Swedish with a slight Gothenburgian dialect. Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Swedish arms during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. Gustavus Adolphus in game. Gustavus's beard and overall appearance seem to be modeled after those of Eric XIV, rather than the historical Gustavus Adolphus. Catholic troops devastated the Rhenish Palatinate.The Peace of Westphalia (1648) restored the Rhenish lands, as well as a new electoral dignity, to Frederick’s son Charles Louis. Gustavus Adolphus, a key reformer of armed forces in the 17th century, was crowned king of Sweden at age 17. But for his quite exceptional talents in the art of war Ferdinand would have succeeded in making all Germans united under the Catholic Imperial Crown and in making Catholicism permanently dominating in Europe. The battle's outcome had the political effect of convincing Protestant German states to join his cause. File:Gustav2AdRiddarh.jpg|thumb|300px|Gustav Adolph's sarcophagus at Riddarholmskyrkan|Riddarholm Church Gustavus Adolphus inherited three wars from his father when he ascended the throne: Against Denmark, which had attacked Sweden earlier in 1611, … Gustavus Adolphus, on the other hand, had a larger army after the battle than before. Some good online resources for Catholic students include: The Hallow app. We ended with a poster presentation at the Gustavus Psychological Research Symposium in Beck Hall at Gustavus Adolphus College. In the era, which was characterized by nearly endless warfare, he led his armies as King of Sweden—from 1611, as a … On his diplomacy screen, he is standing in front of a fireplace in Strömsholm Palace with the portrait of King Eric XIV in the background. Forming the first national conscript army in modern Europe, he emphasized officer education, strict discipline, rigorous training, and the combination of firepower and mobility, until he had … Bust of King Gustav Adolph on campus at Gustavus Adolphus College in Minnesota. Gustavus Adolphus’ personal appearance gave further lustre to his political savvy and martial know-how, for he was a tall, muscular man with blond hair. His country was poor and sparsely populated, but already the ambitious young “Lion of Midnight” (that is, of the North) intended to … While the battle was a victory for the Protestants and ended the Catholic threat to Saxony, it cost them their most able and unifying commander in Gustavus Adolphus. In the First Battle of Breitenfeld, he defeated a Catholic army and consolidated his position. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Catholic Life at Gustavus. ... Gustavus Adolphus College 800 West College Avenue Saint Peter, MN 56082 507-933-8000 web@gustavus.edu. Gustavus Adolphus once wrote that, “All wars in Europe hang together.” If Ferdinand was successful in creating a centralized Catholic Germany, Sweden would be in danger. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm on the 9th of December 1594, the eldest son of Duke Charles, soon to be Charles IX of Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of Duke Charles of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.At the time, the King of Sweden was Gustavus Adolphus' cousin Sigismund, who ruled Sweden from Poland.The staunch Protestant Duke Charles forced the Catholic Sigismund to let go of the throne of Sweden in 1599, a part of … The name of this genius was Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden. King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and one of the greatest generals of modern times. With the thought of this in his mind, he invaded Bavaria in the 'Battle of Rain' in 1632. Oct 28, 2019 - Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Swedish king and general, was born in 1594 and died in 1632 More information Gustav II Adolf, widely known in English by his Latinised name Gustavus Adolphus or as Gustav II Adolph, or as Gustavus Adolphus the Great was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632 and is credited as the founder of Sweden as a Great Power. The Thirty Years’ War, of which Gustavus Adolphus was the greatest hero, was the result of those religious agitations which the ideas of Luther produced. He was born in Stockholm, to Duke Charles from the Vasa Dynasty. Definitions of Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden, analogical dictionary of Gustavus_Adolphus_of_Sweden (English) Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus was the King of Sweden from 1611-1632, and historically he was credited for Sweden’s rise to be a great European power, by laying the foundation for Sweden to become the modern state that it did post 30-year war. Sarah Ruble, Professor of Religion at Gustavus, on her love of history, Free Methodist background, book on American Protestant missionaries after World War II, and innovative adult Sunday School video series on Race and Christianity in the United States, as well as white evangelicals’ support for Donald Trump and why learning about religion matters both generally and at Gustavus … The Youtube channel Ascension Presents. The fighting at Lutzen cost the Protestants around 5,000 killed and wounded, while Catholic losses were approximately 6,000. The Adolphus, Autograph - Marriott’s Official Site. Early years of reign. Life. Gustavus Adolphus was the king of Sweden from 1611 to 1632 and is remembered as one of the greatest rulers in European history. Gustavus Adolphus met Count von Tilly at a place called Breitenfeld, about five miles north of Leipzig. Gustavus was the eldest son of Charles IX and his second wife, Christina of … ADOLPHUS (1594-1632). Gustavus – who came to be […] Virtual resources. King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned for 20 years, and many credit him with the development of Sweden as a powerful force – both militarily and politically – in 17th century Europe.A renowned military strategist and charismatic leader, he died at the bloody Battle of Lutzen in November 1632. The Italians called him Il Re d’Oro—the Golden King. ... educational curriculum at Cretin Derham Hall Catholic … Under his reign, Sweden emerged as a great power in Europe. Gustavus Adolphus : Thirty Years’ War. He was known in his lifetime as “the Lion from the North”, “the Protector of Protestantism” and “the Deliverer of Germany”. Since Charles had overthrown Sigismund III – who was also king of Poland – to seize the Swedish crown, the resulting dynastic squabble involved Sweden and Poland in a war that … It was the struggle to secure religious liberty,–a warfare between Catholic and Protestant Germany. Home Chaplains' Office. He was born December 9, 1594, and was the grandson of Gustavus Vasa, by his youngest son, Charles IX., at … or Gustav II Adolphus, widely known in English by the Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus, was founder of the Swedish Empire at the beginning of what is widely regarded as the Golden Age of Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus had 4,000 troops when he began to move towards northern Germany in mid-1630. To make matters worse, the Catholic Imperialists became more united at this time when, after the dismissal of Wallenstein as commander, the Spanish and Austrian Habsburgs healed the rift between them. THE THIRTY YEARS’ WAR (1618-1648). Gustavus Adolphus and the Swedes met the Imperialist army in Saxony just weeks later. So he wanted to join the war, but he would only do it under certain conditions. Although they held the field, the death of Gustavus Adolphus damaged the Protestant cause, causing the Swedish army to lose its strategic direction. He was born in a time of turmoil: the ruling King of Sweden at the time was Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund, who was also King of Poland-Lithuania and-crucially-a staunch Catholic. Gustavus Adolphus, sometimes known as “The Lion of the North,” was the eldest son of Charles IX, and was just short of 17 years of age when he succeeded his father to the Swedish throne in 1611. Tilly drew up his 35,000 men on a ridgeline in the standard formation of the day – the Spanish tercio – which was when you had this huge fucking mass of 2000-3000 pikemen in a giant formation supported by some muskets (picture the Macedonian phalanx, then put a … Gustavus Adolphus followed Wallen_ stein, and on November 6, 1632, the armies met atLitzen. Gustav II Adolf, (19 December 1594 – 6 November 1632 (O.S.)) However, Gustvaus Adolphus had inherited an extremely difficult political situation. Frederick V was driven from Bohemia in 1620 and, in 1623, was deprived of his German lands and electoral dignity, which were given to Bavaria. He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. His timely intervention stopped the onward march and devastation caused by the Catholic League and the Austrian Empire. The army had to be rebuilt. Ferdinand II feared that Gustavus Adolphus would invade Vienna and appealed to Albrecht Wallenstein, GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS Duke of Friedland, to defeat the Swedes. To Protestants, Gustavus Adolphus is one of the greatest examples of a Christian king. However, without Gustavus Adolphus to unify the German Protestants, their war effort lost direction. Start studying Seton 10 History Chapter 21. He was also known for creating a revolutionary military technique that helped his military win several battles … Gustavus Adolphus, also called Gustav II Adolf, (born December 9, 1594, Stockholm, Sweden—died November 6, 1632, Lützen, Saxony [now in Germany]), king of Sweden (1611–32) who laid the foundations of the modern Swedish state and made it a major European power.. Gustavus Adolphus. As a general, Gustavus Adolphus is famous for employing mobile artillery on the battlefield, as well as very aggressive tactics, where attack was stressed over defense, and mobility and cavalry initiative were emphasized. Gustavus had a plan to invade rest of the Holy Roman Empire. Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund was the king of Sweden when Gustavus was born. Gustavus Adolphus (1594–1632), King of Sweden, has been rightfully hailed as the father of modern warfare and as the most outstanding commander of the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Wallenstein moved north to interrupt the supply routes of the Swedish army. GUSTAVUS II. After the battle, the Catholic League or Imperial army under Tilly could field an army of only 7,000 men. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of Duke Charles of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.At the time, the King of Sweden was Gustavus Adolphus' cousin Sigismund. 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